In order to be an informed global citizen in today’s highly-connected world, it is important to learn about the different continents and nations of the world, as well as the living creatures that inhabit them. When students start learning about these topics at a young age, it can lay the foundation for future learning and inspire a lifelong curiosity about the world. One of the best ways to learn about the world is through travel; if you can afford first class flights to all of the various exciting destinations in the world, you can experience the different geographies and cultures firsthand. If you work for a large company that requires you to travel, perhaps your employer occasionally buys business class tickets for you and your coworkers; even business trips can be excellent opportunities to see the world. Unfortunately, world travel is not financially feasible for everyone. The good news is the Internet is full of helpful resources for individuals interested in learning about world geography and teachers who desire to instill in their students a passion for learning about their home, planet Earth.

North America

  • North America: Physical Geography – National Geographic provides is a wonderful source of information about the geography of North America.
  • North America – Continent – This link will bring you to Encyclopedia Britannica’s entry on the subject of North America, which includes information about the continent’s geography.
  • Our Changing Continent: North America – On this page, the United States Geological Survey discusses the changes that have occurred in the geography of North America over millions of years.
  • Physical Geography of the U.S. – Clicking this link will direct you to a page on Northern Arizona University’s website that contains a wealth of information regarding the physical geography of the United States.
  • U.S. Geography: The Midwest – This page on Discovery Education’s website focuses on the geography of the Midwest.

South America


  • The Geography of Europe (PDF) – This lesson plan, available on the Delegation of the European Union to the United States, aims to educate student about the geography of Europe.
  • Europe in a Nutshell – Use this fact sheet about Europe, which includes information and the continent’s geography and national boundaries, to learn more.
  • European Trip (PDF) – This lesson plan, made available on the University of Northern Iowa’s website, asks students to choose a country in Europe and research its geography, history, and culture.
  • Capitals of Europe – This page discusses the capitals of European countries and offers information about their geographical locations.



  • Lesson Plans: Where in Africa? – These lesson plans will teach students about the diversity of Africa’s geography and peoples.
  • The Geography of Africa – This page on Michigan State University’s website focuses on the main rivers and bodies of water on the continent of Africa.
  • How Big is Africa? – Boston University’s African Studies Center offers this curriculum guide on the topic of Africa’s size and geography.
  • African Rain Forests – This page on the Utah State University’s website features a lesson plan on the topic of African Rain Forests.
  • Fun and Interesting Lesson Plans on Africa – Rutgers University’s Center for African Studies provides links to lesson plans on the topic of Africa.


  • Australian Geography – The purpose of this lesson plan from Wayne State University’s website is to make students aware of Australia’s physical geography and major cities.
  • Australia, Land of the Outback – This page presents a lesson plan that teaches students about the geography of Australia, as well as philanthropic organizations in the country.
  • Australia Lesson Activities – Geography – On this page, you will find lesson plans that focus on the geography of Australia.
  • Australian Landmarks (PDF) – This file from the National Museum of Australia’s website explores how learning about important Australian landmarks can teach students about the country’s history.


  • Chillin’ in the Antarctic: Real Cool Research (PDF) – This lesson plan found on Miami University’s website teaches students about Antarctica’s changing environment.
  • Shackleton’s Antarctic Adventure (PDF) – Clicking this link will bring you to a PDF file that contains information about Sir Ernest Shackleton’s journey across the continent of Antarctica.
  • Lessons on Sea Ice – This page provides readers with information about landscape and weather of Antarctica.
  • Antarctic Oceanography (PDF) – This lesson plan introduces students to animals native to Antarctica and the ocean waters surrounding the icy continent.


  • Currents and Marine Life – You can learn about the oceans’ powerful physical forces known as currents by clicking this link.
  • Climate and Currents (PDF) – Teachers can familiarize their students with climate and currents using this lesson plan from the University of California’s website.
  • Ocean Currents Lesson (PDF) – Click this link to find a lesson plan on the topic of ocean currents.
  • Getting Acquainted with the Ocean (PDF) – With this lesson plan, students can learn how important the ocean is for humans.

Mountain Ranges

More Geography Resources and Lesson Plans

  • Japan Geography – This page from the Yale Center for International and Area Studies takes an in-depth look at Japan’s geography.
  • The Geography of the Middle East (PDF) – This file is a resource for teaching students about the geographic diversity found in the Middle East.
  • Islands Lesson Plan (PDF) – This lesson plan will help students learn about the different types of islands that exist.
  • World Geography – On this page, you can find a lesson plan that helps students review their knowledge of world geography.